cgit is a web interface for Git repositories. It is implemented as a CGI (Common Gateway Interface) program written in C and is released under the GNU General Public License version 2 (GPLv2). With cgit, users can browse Git repositories and view their contents through a web browser. As a web interface, cgit provides a user-friendly way to navigate through Git repositories, displaying information such as commit history, branches, tags, and file contents. It allows users to view individual files, compare different versions of files, and access repository statistics. Being written in C, cgit offers good performance and efficiency, making it suitable for hosting Git repositories on web servers. Its implementation as a CGI program allows it to integrate easily with existing web server configurations. Overall, cgit enhances the accessibility and usability of Git repositories, providing a convenient way for users to interact with the version control system through a web-based interface.
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How to use cgit
To use cgit, you need to follow these steps:
Install cgit: Start by installing cgit on your server or computer. You can find the source code and installation instructions on the cgit GitHub repository: https://github.com/git/git/tree/master/cgit
Configure cgit: Once you have installed cgit, you need to configure it to work with your Git repositories. The configuration is done through a cgitrc file, which contains various settings for cgit. You can find an example configuration file in the cgit repository: https://github.com/git/git/blob/master/cgit/cgitrc
Customize the cgitrc file: Open the cgitrc file and customize it according to your needs. Some of the important settings you might want to modify include(the title of your cgit instance),
root-title(a short description of your cgit instance),
root-desc(URL to a logo image),
logo(whether to enable cloning via HTTP), and
enable-http-clone(the URL path where cgit will be accessible).
Set up Git repositories: Make sure you have your Git repositories set up and accessible on your server or computer. cgit relies on these repositories to display the information and provide functionality.
Start the web server: Next, start the web server that will serve cgit. Ensure that the web server is properly configured and running.
Access cgit: Open a web browser and navigate to the URL where cgit is accessible. If you followed the default configuration, it should be something like.
Explore Git repositories: Once you access cgit, you will see a web interface listing your Git repositories. You can browse the repositories, view commit logs, files, branches, tags, and perform various Git operations through the interface.
Customize appearance (optional): If you want to customize the appearance of cgit, you can modify the CSS file used by cgit. This allows you to change colors, fonts, and overall styling to match your preferences or branding.
Fine-tune configuration (optional): If needed, you can further customize the cgitrc file to configure advanced settings, such as authentication and access control, URL rewriting, customizing templates, and more. Refer to the cgit documentation for detailed information on these advanced configurations.
That's it! By following these steps, you should be able to set up and use cgit to provide a web interface for your Git repositories. Remember to regularly update and maintain cgit to benefit from new features and security fixes.